SyncIO

A pure abstraction representing the intention to perform a side effect, where the result of that side effect is obtained synchronously.

SyncIO is similar to IO, but does not support asynchronous computations. Consequently, a SyncIO can be run synchronously to obtain a result via unsafeRunSync. This is unlike IO#unsafeRunSync, which cannot be safely called in general doing so on the JVM blocks the calling thread while the async part of the computation is run and doing so on Scala.JS throws an exception upon encountering an async boundary.

Constructing SyncIO values

import cats.effect.SyncIO
// import cats.effect.SyncIO

def putStrLn(str: String): SyncIO[Unit] = SyncIO(println(str))
// putStrLn: (str: String)cats.effect.SyncIO[Unit]

SyncIO.pure("Cats!").flatMap(putStrLn).unsafeRunSync
// Cats!

There’s also suspend and unit, equivalent to the same operations defined in IO but with synchronicity guarantees.

Interoperation with Eval and IO

SyncIO defines an eval method in its companion object to lift any cats.Eval value.

import cats.Eval
// import cats.Eval

val eval = Eval.now("hey!")
// eval: cats.Eval[String] = Now(hey!)

SyncIO.eval(eval).unsafeRunSync
// res1: String = hey!

SyncIO also defines a to[F] method at the class level to lift your value into any F with a LiftIO instance available.

import cats.effect.IO
// import cats.effect.IO

val ioa: SyncIO[Unit] = SyncIO(println("Hello world!"))
// ioa: cats.effect.SyncIO[Unit] = SyncIO$271806747

val iob: IO[Unit] = ioa.to[IO]
// iob: cats.effect.IO[Unit] = IO$741363930

iob.unsafeRunAsync(_ => ())
// Hello world!