Packages

trait Functor[F[_]] extends Invariant[F]

Functor.

The name is short for "covariant functor".

Must obey the laws defined in cats.laws.FunctorLaws.

Self Type
Functor[F]
Annotations
@implicitNotFound( ... ) @typeclass( ... , ... )
Source
Functor.scala
Linear Supertypes
Invariant[F], Serializable, Serializable, AnyRef, Any
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  1. Functor
  2. Invariant
  3. Serializable
  4. Serializable
  5. AnyRef
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Visibility
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Abstract Value Members

  1. abstract def map[A, B](fa: F[A])(f: (A) ⇒ B): F[B]

Concrete Value Members

  1. final def !=(arg0: Any): Boolean
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
  2. final def ##(): Int
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
  3. final def ==(arg0: Any): Boolean
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
  4. def as[A, B](fa: F[A], b: B): F[B]

    Replaces the A value in F[A] with the supplied value.

    Replaces the A value in F[A] with the supplied value.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForList
    
    scala> Functor[List].as(List(1,2,3), "hello")
    res0: List[String] = List(hello, hello, hello)
  5. final def asInstanceOf[T0]: T0
    Definition Classes
    Any
  6. def clone(): AnyRef
    Attributes
    protected[lang]
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @throws( ... ) @native()
  7. def compose[G[_]](implicit arg0: Functor[G]): Functor[[α]F[G[α]]]
  8. def compose[G[_]](implicit arg0: Invariant[G]): Invariant[[α]F[G[α]]]

    Compose Invariant F[_] and G[_] then produce Invariant[F[G[_]]] using their imap.

    Compose Invariant F[_] and G[_] then produce Invariant[F[G[_]]] using their imap.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.implicits._
    scala> import scala.concurrent.duration._
    
    scala> val durSemigroupList: Semigroup[List[FiniteDuration]] =
         | Invariant[Semigroup].compose[List].imap(Semigroup[List[Long]])(Duration.fromNanos)(_.toNanos)
    scala> durSemigroupList.combine(List(2.seconds, 3.seconds), List(4.seconds))
    res1: List[FiniteDuration] = List(2 seconds, 3 seconds, 4 seconds)
    Definition Classes
    Invariant
  9. def composeContravariant[G[_]](implicit arg0: Contravariant[G]): Contravariant[[α]F[G[α]]]

    Compose Invariant F[_] and Contravariant G[_] then produce Invariant[F[G[_]]] using F's imap and G's contramap.

    Compose Invariant F[_] and Contravariant G[_] then produce Invariant[F[G[_]]] using F's imap and G's contramap.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.implicits._
    scala> import scala.concurrent.duration._
    
    scala> type ToInt[T] = T => Int
    scala> val durSemigroupToInt: Semigroup[ToInt[FiniteDuration]] =
         | Invariant[Semigroup]
         |   .composeContravariant[ToInt]
         |   .imap(Semigroup[ToInt[Long]])(Duration.fromNanos)(_.toNanos)
    // semantically equal to (2.seconds.toSeconds.toInt + 1) + (2.seconds.toSeconds.toInt * 2) = 7
    scala> durSemigroupToInt.combine(_.toSeconds.toInt + 1, _.toSeconds.toInt * 2)(2.seconds)
    res1: Int = 7
    Definition Classes
    FunctorInvariant
  10. def composeFunctor[G[_]](implicit arg0: Functor[G]): Invariant[[α]F[G[α]]]

    Compose Invariant F[_] and Functor G[_] then produce Invariant[F[G[_]]] using F's imap and G's map.

    Compose Invariant F[_] and Functor G[_] then produce Invariant[F[G[_]]] using F's imap and G's map.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.implicits._
    scala> import scala.concurrent.duration._
    
    scala> val durSemigroupList: Semigroup[List[FiniteDuration]] =
         | Invariant[Semigroup]
         |   .composeFunctor[List]
         |   .imap(Semigroup[List[Long]])(Duration.fromNanos)(_.toNanos)
    scala> durSemigroupList.combine(List(2.seconds, 3.seconds), List(4.seconds))
    res1: List[FiniteDuration] = List(2 seconds, 3 seconds, 4 seconds)
    Definition Classes
    Invariant
  11. final def eq(arg0: AnyRef): Boolean
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
  12. def equals(arg0: Any): Boolean
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
  13. def finalize(): Unit
    Attributes
    protected[lang]
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @throws( classOf[java.lang.Throwable] )
  14. final def fmap[A, B](fa: F[A])(f: (A) ⇒ B): F[B]

    Alias for map, since map can't be injected as syntax if the implementing type already had a built-in .map method.

    Alias for map, since map can't be injected as syntax if the implementing type already had a built-in .map method.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.implicits._
    
    scala> val m: Map[Int, String] = Map(1 -> "hi", 2 -> "there", 3 -> "you")
    
    scala> m.fmap(_ ++ "!")
    res0: Map[Int,String] = Map(1 -> hi!, 2 -> there!, 3 -> you!)
  15. def fproduct[A, B](fa: F[A])(f: (A) ⇒ B): F[(A, B)]

    Tuple the values in fa with the result of applying a function with the value

    Tuple the values in fa with the result of applying a function with the value

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForOption
    
    scala> Functor[Option].fproduct(Option(42))(_.toString)
    res0: Option[(Int, String)] = Some((42,42))
  16. def fproductLeft[A, B](fa: F[A])(f: (A) ⇒ B): F[(B, A)]

    Pair the result of function application with A.

    Pair the result of function application with A.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForOption
    
    scala> Functor[Option].fproductLeft(Option(42))(_.toString)
    res0: Option[(String, Int)] = Some((42,42))
  17. final def getClass(): Class[_]
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
    Annotations
    @native()
  18. def hashCode(): Int
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
    Annotations
    @native()
  19. def ifF[A](fb: F[Boolean])(ifTrue: ⇒ A, ifFalse: ⇒ A): F[A]

    Lifts if to Functor

    Lifts if to Functor

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForList
    
    scala> Functor[List].ifF(List(true, false, false))(1, 0)
    res0: List[Int] = List(1, 0, 0)
    Annotations
    @noop()
  20. def imap[A, B](fa: F[A])(f: (A) ⇒ B)(g: (B) ⇒ A): F[B]

    Transform an F[A] into an F[B] by providing a transformation from A to B and one from B to A.

    Transform an F[A] into an F[B] by providing a transformation from A to B and one from B to A.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.implicits._
    scala> import scala.concurrent.duration._
    
    scala> val durSemigroup: Semigroup[FiniteDuration] =
         | Invariant[Semigroup].imap(Semigroup[Long])(Duration.fromNanos)(_.toNanos)
    scala> durSemigroup.combine(2.seconds, 3.seconds)
    res1: FiniteDuration = 5 seconds
    Definition Classes
    FunctorInvariant
  21. final def isInstanceOf[T0]: Boolean
    Definition Classes
    Any
  22. def lift[A, B](f: (A) ⇒ B): (F[A]) ⇒ F[B]

    Lift a function f to operate on Functors

    Lift a function f to operate on Functors

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForOption
    
    scala> val o = Option(42)
    scala> Functor[Option].lift((x: Int) => x + 10)(o)
    res0: Option[Int] = Some(52)
  23. final def ne(arg0: AnyRef): Boolean
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
  24. final def notify(): Unit
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @native()
  25. final def notifyAll(): Unit
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @native()
  26. final def synchronized[T0](arg0: ⇒ T0): T0
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
  27. def toString(): String
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef → Any
  28. def tupleLeft[A, B](fa: F[A], b: B): F[(B, A)]

    Tuples the A value in F[A] with the supplied B value, with the B value on the left.

    Tuples the A value in F[A] with the supplied B value, with the B value on the left.

    Example:

    scala> import scala.collection.immutable.Queue
    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForQueue
    
    scala> Functor[Queue].tupleLeft(Queue("hello", "world"), 42)
    res0: scala.collection.immutable.Queue[(Int, String)] = Queue((42,hello), (42,world))
  29. def tupleRight[A, B](fa: F[A], b: B): F[(A, B)]

    Tuples the A value in F[A] with the supplied B value, with the B value on the right.

    Tuples the A value in F[A] with the supplied B value, with the B value on the right.

    Example:

    scala> import scala.collection.immutable.Queue
    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForQueue
    
    scala> Functor[Queue].tupleRight(Queue("hello", "world"), 42)
    res0: scala.collection.immutable.Queue[(String, Int)] = Queue((hello,42), (world,42))
  30. def unzip[A, B](fab: F[(A, B)]): (F[A], F[B])

    Un-zips an F[(A, B)] consisting of element pairs or Tuple2 into two separate F's tupled.

    Un-zips an F[(A, B)] consisting of element pairs or Tuple2 into two separate F's tupled.

    NOTE: Check for effect duplication, possibly memoize before

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForList
    
    scala> Functor[List].unzip(List((1,2), (3, 4)))
    res0: (List[Int], List[Int]) = (List(1, 3),List(2, 4))
    Annotations
    @noop()
  31. def void[A](fa: F[A]): F[Unit]

    Empty the fa of the values, preserving the structure

    Empty the fa of the values, preserving the structure

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForList
    
    scala> Functor[List].void(List(1,2,3))
    res0: List[Unit] = List((), (), ())
  32. final def wait(): Unit
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @throws( ... )
  33. final def wait(arg0: Long, arg1: Int): Unit
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @throws( ... )
  34. final def wait(arg0: Long): Unit
    Definition Classes
    AnyRef
    Annotations
    @throws( ... ) @native()
  35. def widen[A, B >: A](fa: F[A]): F[B]

    Lifts natural subtyping covariance of covariant Functors.

    Lifts natural subtyping covariance of covariant Functors.

    NOTE: In certain (perhaps contrived) situations that rely on universal equality this can result in a ClassCastException, because it is implemented as a type cast. It could be implemented as map(identity), but according to the functor laws, that should be equal to fa, and a type cast is often much more performant. See this example of widen creating a ClassCastException.

    Example:

    scala> import cats.Functor
    scala> import cats.implicits.catsStdInstancesForOption
    
    scala> val s = Some(42)
    scala> Functor[Option].widen(s)
    res0: Option[Int] = Some(42)

Inherited from Invariant[F]

Inherited from Serializable

Inherited from Serializable

Inherited from AnyRef

Inherited from Any

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